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Dalmatian basic information

A Dalmatian is a breed of dog, noted for its white coat with (usually) black spots. "Liver" (brown) and "lemon" (yellow) types also exist, though they are much rarer. In the US Dalmatians are often known (and portrayed, for example in children's books), as firehouse dogs.

This popular breed of dog is a well-muscled, midsized dog with superior endurance. Known for its elegance, the Dalmatian has a body type similar to the Pointer, to which it may be related. The coat is short, dense, and fine. The ground color is white with round, well-defined spots in either black or liver (brown). Lemon, orange, blue, tricolor, and brindle spots can also occur, but they are a disqualifying fault according to the breed standard. The feet are round and compact with well-arched toes. The nails are either white and/or the same color as the spots. The nose is black in black-spotted dogs, and brown in liver-spotted. The eyes are brown or blue, or rarely a one brown-one blue combination (a blue eye is a major fault in the UK, because of its link with hereditary deafness), with an intelligent expression. The ears are thin, tapering toward the tip, set fairly high and carried close to the head

Puppies are born completely white and the spots develop later. Puppies can be born with patches, but patches are a disqualifying fault in the breed standard for show dogs.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dalmatian".
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